Saturday, February 13, 2010

What is Leadership?

Leadership is the ability to inspire confidence and support among the people who are needed to achieve organizational goals.
It is also the process of influencing others to achieve organizational goals.

Who is a Leader?
• Someone who influence others to achieve organizational goals
• Someone who makes confidence between members
• Someone who see the future map and future direction
• Someone who motivates and coordinates the organization in the accomplishment of its objectives
• Someone who acts that causes others to act or respond in shared direction

Sources of Leader Power
Power: Capacity to affect the behavior of others.
Legitimate Power: Comes from a positions place in managerial hierarchy and authority.
Reward Power: Based on the capacity to control and provide valued rewards to others.
Example: Most organizations offer rewards pay raises, bonuses and allowances
Coercive: based on punishment
Expert: Based on needed knowledge
Referent: based on charisma

Leadership as Partnership
Understanding leadership in regard to long term relationship, or Partnership between leaders and group members
According to Peter Block, in partnership the leader and the group members are connected in such a way that the power between them is approximately balanced.

Four things are necessary for valid partnership to exist:
• Exchange of Purpose: In partnership every worker at every level is responsible for defining vision and values.
• A Right to say No: A person can loose an argument but never a voice.
• joint Accountability: Each person is responsible for outcomes and current situation.
• Absolute Honesty: Not telling the truth to one another is an act of disloyalty.

Leadership & Management
• Management: Is more formal and scientific than leadership which relies on universal skills such as, planning, budgeting and controlling.
• Leadership: In contrast to management, involves having a vision of What the organization can become.
• Leader: The one who create a vision (mission or agenda for the organization.
• Manager: The key function of the manger is to implement the vision.

Leadership & Management
• Managers:
– Administer
– Eye the bottom line
– Imitate
– Do things right

• Leaders:
– Innovate
– Eye the horizons
– Originate
– Do the right thing

This means that managers do things by the book and follow company policy, while leaders follow their own intuition, which may be more beneficial to the company.

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