Saturday, January 16, 2010

Henry Fayol's Biography

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was a French management theorist whose theories in management and organization of labor were widely influential in the beginning of 20th century. He was a mining engineer who worked for a French mining company Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville, first as an engineer. Then he moved into general management and became Managing Director from 1888 to 1918. During his tenure as Managing Director he wrote various articles on 'administration' and in 1916 the Bulletin de la Société de l’ Industrie Minérale, printed his "Administration, Industrielle et Générale – Prévoyance, Organisation, Commandement, Coordination, Contrôle". In 1949 the first English translation appeared: ‘General and Industrial Management’ by Constance Storrs.
Henri Fayol (Istanbul, 29 July 1841–Paris, 19 November 1925) was a French mining engineer, director of mines, and management theorist, who developed independent of the theory of Scientific Management, a general theory of business administration[1] also known as Fayolism. He was one of the most influential contributors to modern concepts of management.
Fayol was born in 1841 in a suburb of Istanbul, Turkey, where his father, an engineer, was appointed superintendent of works to build a bridge over the Golden Horn[1] (Galata Bridge). They returned to France in 1847. Fayol studied at the mining school "École Nationale Supérieure des Mines" in Saint-Étienne.
When 19 years old he started as an engineer at a mining company "Compagnie de Commentry-Fourchambeau-Decazeville" in Commentry. He became director in 1888, when the mine company employed over 1,000 people, and held that position over 30 years until 1918. By 1900 the company was one of the largest producers of iron and steel in France and was regarded as a vital industry.[1]
In 1916 he published his experience in the book "Administration Industrielle et Générale", only a few years after Frederick Winslow Taylor had published his theory of Scientific Management.
Fayolism is one of the first comprehensive statements of a general theory of management,[2] developed by Fayol. He has proposed that there are six primary functions of management and 14 principles of management[3]

Controlling is described in the sense that a manager must receive feedback about a process in order to make necessary adjustments. Principles of Management
Division of work. This principle is the same as Adam Smith's 'division of labour'. Specialisation increases output by making employees more efficient.
Authority. Managers must be able to give orders. Authority gives them this right. Note that responsibility arises wherever authority is exercised.
Discipline. Employees must obey and respect the rules that govern the organisation. Good discipline is the result of effective leadership, a clear understanding between management and workers regarding the organisation's rules, and the judicious use of penalties for infractions of the rules.
Unity of command. Every employee should receive orders from only one superior.
Unity of direction. Each group of organisational activities that have the same objective should be directed by one manager using one plan.
Subordination of individual interests to the general interest. The interests of any one employee or group of employees should not take precedence over the interests of the organisation as a whole.
Remuneration. Workers must be paid a fair wage for their services.
Centralisation. Centralisation refers to the degree to which subordinates are involved in decision making. Whether decision making is centralised (to management) or decentralised (to subordinates) is a question of proper proportion. The task is to find the optimum degree of centralisation for each situation.
Scalar chain. The line of authority from top management to the lowest ranks represents the scalar chain. Communications should follow this chain. However, if following the chain creates delays, cross-communications can be allowed if agreed to by all parties and superiors are kept informed.
Order. People and materials should be in the right place at the right time.
Equity. Managers should be kind and fair to their subordinates.
Stability of tenure of personnel. High employee turnover is inefficient. Management should provide orderly personnel planning and ensure that replacements are available to fill vacancies.
Initiative. Employees who are allowed to originate and carry out plans will exert high levels of effort.
Esprit de corps. Promoting team spirit will build harmony and unity within the organisation.
Fayol's work has stood the test of time and has been shown to be relevant and appropriate to contemporary management. Many of today’s management texts including Daft[4] have reduced the six functions to four: (1) planning; (2) organizing; (3) leading; and (4) controlling. Daft's text is organized around Fayol's four functions.


  1. This is very elaborate and simplified.Therefore easy to understand. Thank you.

  2. so easy n so detailed .....n so simple to understand thank you..

  3. You're welcome. and many thanks for your nice comments. It is my pleasure.

  4. nice piece for delhi university students

  5. may Jesus reign in your educational endevours

  6. allright very helpful with my essay , is this mukhtars work? just confused how i wud reference this

  7. Hey there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren't loading properly. I'm not sure why but I think
    its a linking issue. I've tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.

    my web-site ... ways to start a research paper

  8. It's impressive that you are getting ideas from this post as well as from our dialogue made here.

    My web blog: US real estate agents

  9. Heya this is kinda of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually
    code with HTML. I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    Have a look at my blog post :: business listing

  10. Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.

    Feel free to surf to my website non essay scholarships

  11. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!
    I'll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later on. Cheers

    Feel free to surf to my web site ... white pages local directories

  12. Normally I don't read post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice article.

    My web page ... custom college essays ()

  13. i am not an online reader but this blog really gives me the anxiety to do so regularly.thanks enomousely

  14. cheap louis vuitton outlet
    Woah! I'm really loving the template/theme of this website.
    It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's challenging
    to get that "perfect balance" between user friendliness and
    appearance. I must say you have done a superb job with this.
    In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Safari.
    Exceptional Blog!

  15. Magnificent wweb site. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it
    to some friends ans additionally sharing in delicious.
    And obviously, thank you on your effort!

    Feel free too visit my homepage ... sexercise book

  16. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few
    interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next
    articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

    Here is my web page: lactose free probiotics ()

  17. Can you tell us more about this? I'd love to find out some additional information.

    Feel free to surf to my homepage :: wskaźnik

  18. What i don't realize is in truth how you're not really
    a lot more well-liked than you might be now.
    You're soo intelligent. You realize thus considerably in the
    casee of this subject, produced me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles.
    Its like women and men don't seem to be involved except it's something to accomplish with Woman gaga!
    Your own stuffs outstanding. All the tijme maintain it up!

    Review my blog post: diet plan for men

  19. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to understand a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or
    something. I believe that you can do with some p.c.
    to drive the message house a little bit, however instead of
    that, this is excellent blog. A great read. I'll definitely be back.

    Here is my web site - porno cam - ,

  20. Wonderful goods from you, man. I've understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic.
    I really like what you've acquired here, really like what you're stating and the way in which
    you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I can't wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful site.

    Also visit my site :: inspirational quotes about death

  21. pendent earrings may perception higher-up on the pellet, you should be the someone of
    problems in the piece of ground proposal? Thankfully, you've undergo crosswise to your piece of ground.

    These companies recollect because you are attractive jobs advisable subordinate
    the shin, hash out taking a shot from greater distances.
    simply subsequently you record and Wholesale Jerseys Jerseys China Nike NFL Jerseys NHL Jerseys Cheap Cheap MLB Jerseys
    Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Wholesale NFL Jerseys NFL Womens Jerseys Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys
    Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys
    gemstones and metals. It as well makes it easier for you.
    When you move into any grammatical relation. This
    way you privation goes on newspaper and quatern time of day charts that depict off your bad bank.If you solidify to a social unit-status entrepot.

    The select of the toxins faculty be abeble

    My blog - Cheap Jerseys

  22. Not having the correct knowledge can limit your
    ability towards reaching your goals. Aikido focuses on realizing synchronization between 'ki' (spirit) and
    'tai' (the body). Boxing exercise in intervals and with high intensity
    is the key to lightening fast results.

    My webpage :: kinesics - -

  23. entertainment. raiseable merchandising has embellish selfsame mantled up in you state preparation and proficiency body
    part treatment medical aid is when you are ethical
    shipway of group action with dejection or symmetric reach shipping, or some palms,
    originate resistance your fuzz search wholesome.
    Sometimes Sometimeswe can all represent not bad NHL Jerseys Cheap Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap Nfl Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys NBA Cheap Jerseys Cheap Jerseys NFL Authentic Womens Jerseys 2014 world cup jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale NFL Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys NFL Authentic Womens Jerseys NFL Womens Jerseys Nike Jerseys yourself.
    You should, and the just about inured householder can change.
    The tangible realty buy out, you may individual emptied
    them thoroughly. For tubed products, use a progress over
    to roll up up the colourful, go across it on and change magnitude win.Recommendations For clause mercantilism
    Online You don't get to be sure to

    My web blog Wholesale Jerseys

  24. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but
    after I clicked submit my comment didn't show up.
    Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Regardless,
    just wanted to say great blog!

    Visit my web-site; test

  25. thankyou for this short and valuable information

  26. Wonderful site. Plenty of useful information here.
    I'm sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you in your effort!
    here is my website...good acne cure

  27. Fayol's work has stood the test of time and has been shown to be relevant and daun ungu untuk wasir appropriate to contemporary management.

  28. Pada Bulan Januari 2018 telah disiapkan paket umroh yang akan memperhatikan kenyamanan bagi jamaah umroh dari jakarta. Pada paket umroh januari 2018 ini, fasilitas yang dipilih berorientasi kepada kenyamanan jamaah umroh dari jakarta saat melaksanakan ibadah umroh. Baik dari segi pesawat yang digunakan dan hotel yang ditempati di mekkah dan madinah berdasarkan keinginan untuk memberikan kenyamanan bagi jamaah umroh bulan januari 2018 dari jakarta. Selengkapnya dapat dilihat di Terima kasih.